|FÉDÉRATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE|
|Secretariat General: 13, Place Albert I – B 6530 THUIN (Belgie)|
FCI-Standard N° 357 / 19.05.2009 / GB
|SOUTHEASTERN EUROPEAN SHEPHERD |
|(Ciobanesc Romanesc de Bucovina)|
TRANSLATION: RKC & SKC, revised by Jennifer Mulholland
ORIGIN: Southeastern Europe
PATRONAGE: Romania and Serbia
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 26.03.2009
UTILIZATION: Guardian for flocks and an excellent watchdog
Pinscher & Schnauzer, Molossoids breeds, Swiss Mountain and Cattle dogs
Mountain type Molossoids
Without working trial
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: It is a natural breed with its origin in the Carpathian
Mountains (Romania and Serbia) and the South of Danube (some regions of Bulgaria). Special
attention for the development of the breed arose in the regions of northeastern Romania, the
county of Bucovina as well as in the South of the Danube (Serbia): the well-known
transhumance areas of the shepherds since immemorial times. Selection and improvement have
lead to the actual type. The breed is successfully used both for defending the flocks and
herds and as watchdogs for households in the mentioned regions.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Large sized dog; commanding, haughty and proud. The breed has an
obvious sexual dimorphism.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of the body is slightly superior to the height at
the withers. The length of the skull is equal to the length of the muzzle.
BEHAVIOUR/CHARACTER: Balanced, calm and loyal, he likes children. It is a very good
guardian for flocks, courageous and a real fighter against the possible animals of prey (
bear, wolf, and lynx). It has a strong bark. When strangers or animals approach, its barking
is very strong, with a low tonality. During the night, it patrols around the household or
HEAD: Massive but not heavy, slightly higher than the topline.
Skull : Moderately wide, slightly domed. The upper profile of the skull and muzzle are
slightly divergent. Viewed from the front, the skull is slightly domed, seen from the side
it is almost flat. Skull width: males 16-18 cm, females 15-17 cm, zygomatic arches are
moderately developed. Occipital protuberance is slightly evident.
Stop : Slightly pronounced.
Nose : Large, well developed, black.
Muzzle : Blunt, of the same length as the skull; well developed, narrowing
progressively towards the nose but never pointed; strong mandible.
Lips : Thick and tight, strong pigmentation.
Jaws/Teeth : Strong jaws; complete dentition, strong, healthy and white teeth,
well set; scissor bite. Pincer bite is tolerated.
Cheeks : Not prominent.
Eyes : Small related to the head; almond-shaped and obliquely, brown or slightly light
but never yellow. Eyelids well pigmented.
Ears : Relatively high set, “V” shaped with slightly rounded tip, pendent and carried
close to cheeks. Cropping is prohibited.
NECK: Medium length, large and strong, without dewlap.
BODY: Good stamina.
Topline : Horizontal.
Withers : Slightly evident.
Back : Strong and muscular.
Loin : Muscular and strong.
Croup : Muscular and moderately inclined towards base of tail.
Chest : Broad and deep, descending to elbows, well sprung ribs.
Underline : Slightly ascendant.
TAIL: High set-on. At rest, it is pendent; reaching to or lower than the hock; when
the dog is alert or in action the tail is raised up to the level of the back or slightly
above it, with slight upward curve, but never curled over the back. Docking is prohibited.
LIMBS: Upright, seen from the front or the side.
General appearance : Upright, seen from the front or the side.
Shoulders : Long, oblique, well muscled and firmly attached to the body.
Scapular-humeral angle approximately 100-110°.
Upper Arm : Moderately long, muscular.
Elbow : Close to the body, free movement.
Forearm : Strong, not too long.
Carpus (wrist) : Strong.
Pastern : Short, slightly slanting.
Forefeet : Oval, compact and massive, toes tight and arched, black or ashen nails.
General appearance : Muscular and strong, normal in stance.
Upper Thigh : Medium long, wide, very muscular.
Stifle : Femoral-tibia angle is aprox. 110°.
Lower thigh : Moderately long, muscular.
Hock : Wide, viewed from the side, moderate angulation. Seen from behind, parallel
to median plane of body.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern) : Strong and upright. The presence of dewclaws should not
Hind feet : Oval, compact and strong, with black or ashen nails.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: Harmonious, elastic, well coordinated, giving the impression of
effortless power. Preferred gait is the trot. Crossover will be penalized.
SKIN: Thick, close fitting, dark-ashen pigmentation.
HAIR: Head and the front part of the legs are covered with short hair. On the body,
hair is abundant, long (6-9 cm), flat, straight and rough. Undercoat is shorter, very dense
and supple, and of a lighter colour. At the neck region, hair is much longer forming a mane;
on the backside of the forequarters, the hair forms fringes; on the backside of
hindquarters, the hair is longer and forms culottes. The tail is bushy.
Classical colour : Main colour of coat is a clear white or white-beige with distinct
patches of grey, black or black with red-fawn reflections. Black or grey ticks can appear
on the legs. Brindle aspect of patches to be rejected.
Solid colours : Solid coloured subjects (without patches) are accepted but not
encouraged: white, white-beige, ashen-grey or black.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at withers :
Males : 68-78 cm, ideal 71-75 cm
Females : 64-72 cm, ideal 66-68 cm
Tolerance : - 4 cm
Weight : In proportion to height
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the
seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its
degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog.
• Lack of substance or too heavy.
• Not sufficient sexual character.
• Absence of 1 tooth other than P1.
• Cropped ears.
• Docked tail.
• Overweight or weak subject.
• Faulty hair or short hair (under 6 cm).
• Hair too long (over 9 cm).
• The absence of mane, or fringes on the legs.
• Tail curled or carried in a ring.
• Flabby toes, toeing in or out.
• Elbows turning out.
• Heavy gait.
• Untypical expression.
• Round, protruding eyes.
• Erect ears.
• Top line sagging or dipping.
• Hair too short.
• Curly coat or bad texture.
• Yellow eyes.
• Different colour of eyes (heterochromatic).
• Cow hocked.
• Aggressive or overly shy.
• Not typical subject.
• Overshot or undershot bite.
• Absence of incisors or canines.
• Naturally absent or atrophic tail.
• Height under 64 cm or over 82 cm (for males).
• Height under 60 cm or over 78 cm (for females).
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B.: Males should have two testicles, both normally developed and fully descended
into the scrotum.